Due to its high diversity of eco-systems with different habitat, Ethiopia has some of the richest bird life in the horn of Africa with more than with 863 species registered so far, representing about 9.5% of the worlds and 39% of Africa's birds. Ethiopia has thirty one endemic birds plus many range-restricted, which only occur in neighboring Kenya and Somalia. Ethiopia's diverse habitats also serve as a wintering ground for large numbers of Asian and European migrants via the Red Sea loop. Although the migration of birds takes place from October to May, it reaches its peak from January to April.

It is not a coincidence that Ethiopia is rich in birds, because many birds prefer and adapt to particular geographical features and subsequent unique flora and fauna. Thus, Ethiopia is a gifted land of diverse climate and landscape favoring habitat with unique bird species not found anywhere else

Apart from the picturesque mountains and the Great Rift system, there are flat plateaus, crater lakes, river basins and arid land habitats offering plenty of wildlife. The Bale and Semein Mountains highland plateau and fantastic panoramas encompass a wide range of jagged ecological structures on both side of the Rift. Lake Tana in the northwestern part of the country, the origin of the Blue Nile River (largest river in the world that drains to Mediterranean Sea through Sudan and Egypt) has a 3600 Square Kilometer area containing isolated island habitats. The Great Rift Valley cutting the country in to the southeast and northwest is a prominent feature from space and traverses 2800 km through wetlands and lakes, including Chamo, Abaya, Awassa, Shalla, Abijata, Langano and Ziway fertile habitat with great birding. In the southern lowlands, the remote Omo Valley eco-system is important for its unspoiled cultural and natural asset, sometimes called the open-air museum.

The major habitats in Ethiopia including desert and semi-desert, bushland, grassland and savanna, woodland, forest (dry, moist, lowland), montane, wetlands, lakes and rivers and man-made habitats sheltering a unique wildlife

HOT SPOTS OF ETHIOPIA FOR BIRD WATCHER
Sululta wet land and plane
White-Winged Flufftail
Rouget's Rail, Pallid Harrier, Great Snipe
Jemma and Jara valley
Harwood's Francolin
A total of 6 Sudan-Guinea biome species and 6 Somali- Massai Biome species
Various species Vinaceous Dove, Foxy Cist cola, Speckle fronted weaver, lesser Blue- eared Glossy Starling and Black faced Fire finch
Ankober mountain range
Ankober Serin
Alyu Amba- Dulecha
Yellow throated Serin.
At least 15 Somali- Masai biome species, and six Highland biome species, as well as various other lesser-known species, such as Chestnut- crowned Sparrow- weaver. Sombre Chat and Pale rock-sparrow.

Bilen:
Over 440 species of bird have been recorded in this area including rare species such as yellow Throated Serin, Sombre Chat, and Arabian Bustard etc
Awash National Park
The total number of species recorded here are 460. And Now it is believed to be even more Yellow-Throated Serin, Somber Chat, Imperial Eagle, Lesser Kestrel, pallid Harrier, Basra reed Warbler
More than 50 species belonging to the Somali-Masai biome have been recorded in the park.
Large land birds ostrich, secretary bird, Kori and Arabian Bustards
Around 50 birds of prey and vultures, particularly interesting species are Bat Hawk, various snake-eagles and Imperial Eagles
Breeding place for Rupell's griffon vulture, Fox kestrel and Carmine Bee eater
The Bale Mountain NAtional Park
The vulnerable Greater Spotted Eagle, Imperial Eagle, Lesser Kestrel, and wattled Crane
Pallid Harrier, Rouget's Rail, and Abyssinian Long Claw
42 highland biome species, 88 percent of the Ethiopia's highland biome assemblage, more than 265 species.
Spot breasted Plover, Yellow- fronted Parrot, Abyssinian Wood pecker, Abyssinian Long Claw, Abyssinian Catbird, and Black Siskin.

Sof Omar Cave
Salvadori's Seedeater
17 Somali -Masai biome species including Fischer's Starling
Sanetti Plateau
Prince Ruspoli's Turaco, White winged Dove, Jubaland weaver
16 other Somali- Masai biome species. Ovambo Sparrowhawk is also known from this site
Bogol Manyo
1 globally threatened species Degodi Lark
White-Winged Dove, Somali Short-billed Crombec
White winged Dove, Degodi Lark, Jubaland Weaver
Somali-Masai biome species such as Somali Bee eater, scaly Chatterer, Golden pipit, and smaller Black -bellied Sunbird...
White-headed Moosebird, Blue-capped cordon bleu, and Fischer's Starling are all known
Liben Plains and Negele wood lands
Sidamo Long - Clawed Lark
Other birds including Somali Short-toed Lark, Tiny Cisticola and Heuglin's Bustard, Hunter's Sunbird, Golden pipit, pygmy Batis, and Red -naped Bush -Shrike, White crowned starling and Rufous Sparrow, and the uncommon Coqui Francolin.

Mankubsa - Welenso Forest
Prince Ruspoli's Turaco, Salvadori's Seedeater
Somali Short -toed Lark, Boran Cisticola, Banded Parisoma and Somali Long billed Crombec and red Chested Sunbird
Dawa-wachile and Arero forest Negele
Pringle's Puffback, Abyssinian Grosbeak Canary Bare eyed Thrush
Yabello Sanctuary and Elsod Creator Lake
White-tailed swallow and Abyssinian Bush Crow
At least 62 species belonging to the Somali- Masai Biome.

Awasa
Significant numbers of water bird species occur, particularly white-breasted Cormorant, white -faced whistling Duck, spur-winged Goose, Red Knobbed coot.
Pygmy Goose, Saddlebill Stork, Brown Snake Eagle, Grey Kestrel, and Green backed honey guide, Blue Headed Coucal, spotted Creeper and African Fire finch.
Abyata Shalla bird sanctuary

Over 400 species were recorded particularly raptors, flamingos and other water birds.
One endemic and five species restricted to the Highland biome have been recorded
Green Lake, Lake Zeway and Lake Langano

Ferruginous Duck, pallid Harrier, lesser flamingo and Imperial Eagle
Great white Pelican, Marabou Stork, Fuyluvous Whistling Duck and white- faced headed Gull, Black-headed Gull; Grey headed Gull, Whiskered Tern, and white winged black tern, white breasted cormorant and reed Cormorant.